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Native Python APIs (SPSS Modeler)

Native Python APIs

You can invoke native Python APIs from your scripts to interact with SPSS Modeler.

The following APIs are supported.

To see an example, you can download the sample stream python-extension-str.zip and import it into SPSS Modeler (from your project, click New asset, select SPSS Modeler, then select Local file). Then open the Extension node properties in the flow to see example syntax.

APIs for data models

  • modelerpy.isComputeDataModelOnly()

    You can use this API to check whether a current run is to compute the output data or only compute the output data model. When it returns true, your script must not perform any task that depends on input or output data, otherwise the run fails.

  • modelerpy.getDataModel()

    This API contacts SPSS Modeler to get the data model for an input dataset. The return value is an instance of class DataModel, which describes metadata of the input dataset, including field count, field name, field storage type, and so on.

  • modelerpy.setOutputDataModel(dataModel)

    This API sends an instance of a class DataModel back to SPSS Modeler, and must be invoked before your script passes a dataset to SPSS Modeler. SPSS Modeler uses the metadata that is described in this DataModel instance to handle your data on the SPSS Modeler side.

APIs for modeling

  • modelerpy.saveModel(model, name='model')

    This API transforms a Python model into an SPSS Modeler model, which SPSS Modeler then saves. The saved model is copied to a generated model nugget. Invoke this API from a modeling node when a Python model is built.

  • modelerpy.loadModel(name='model')

    This API loads an SPSS Modeler saved model and creates a Python object for the saved model. Invoke this API from the model nugget to load the saved model for further processing, such as scoring.

APIs for input/output datasets

  • modelerpy.readPandasDataframe()

    This API reads a dataset from SPSS Modeler to Python. The return value is a Python Pandas DataFrame (a two-dimensional data structure, like a two-dimensional array, or a table with rows and columns).

  • modelerpy.writePandasDataframe(df)

    This API writes a Python Pandas DataFrame from Python to SPSS Modeler.

APIs for packages

  • modelerpy.installPackage(package)

    This API pulls a package from pypi.org and installs it.

  • modelerpy.uninstallPackage(package)

    This API uninstalls an installed package.

  • modelerpy.listPackages()

    This API provides a list of all the installed packages.

APIs for metadata

Use the following metadata-related classes with modelerpy.getDataModel and modelerpy.setOutputDataModel.
  • modelerpy.DataModel

    This API is the main entry class for the metadata. It contains an array of instances of class Field and includes the following methods

    • modelerpy.DataModel.getFields

      This method returns the array of class Field instances.

    • modelerpy.DataModel.addField

      This method adds an instance of Field to the metadata array.

    • modelerpy.Field

      The Field class is where the actual metadata info is stored, including the field name, storage, and measurement,

    • modelerpy.Field.getName

      This method returns the name of the field.

    • modelerpy.Field.getStorage

      This method returns the storage of the field. Valid storage includes: integer, real, string, date, time, and timestamp.

    • modelerpy.Field.getMeasure

      This method returns the measurement of the field. Valid measurements include: discrete, flag, nominal, ordinal, and continuous.

The following example code constructs a DataModel object by invoking the modelerpy.DataModel constructor with an array of modelerpy.Field. The modelerpy.Field constructor accepts field name, field storage, and field measurement as its input parameters (field storage and field measurement are required; field measurement is optional).
dataModel = modelerpy.DataModel([
#                           %FieldName%, %StorageType%, %MeasurementType%
            modelerpy.Field(‘StringField’, ‘string’, ‘nominal’),
            modelerpy.Field(‘FloatField’, ‘real’, ‘continuous’),
            modelerpy.Field(‘IntegerField’, ‘integer’, ‘ordinal’),
            modelerpy.Field(‘BooleanField’, ‘integer’, ‘flag’),
            modelerpy.Field(‘DatetimeField’, ‘timestamp’, ‘continuous’),
            modelerpy.Field(‘TimeField’, ‘time’, ‘continuous’),
            modelerpy.Field(‘DateField’, ‘date’, ‘continuous’),
# StorageType could be: integer, real, string, date, time, timestamp
# MeasurementType could be: discrete, flag, nominal, ordinal, continuous

outputDataModel = modelerDataModel
outputDataModel.addField(modelerpy.Field(field_outlier, "real", measure="flag"))
outputDataModel.addField(modelerpy.Field(field_dist_hp, "real", measure="continuous"))
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