# Neural network modeler nodes

Use the neural network modeler to create a neural network design flow by using the following deep learning nodes.

# Creating models by using the flow editor

You can use the flow editor to create a deep learning flow. A deep learning flow is a graphical representation of a neural network design, which you can use to design and run experiments. Using the flow editor, you prepare or shape data, train or deploy a model, or transform data and export it back to a database table or file in IBM Cloud Object Storage.

To create a neural network model, add the **Modeler flow** asset type to your project, then select Neural Network Modeler as the flow type.

To create a flow, start by adding an input data node that connects to a data source containing text or images, then add nodes for transforming and processing the data.

**Data format**- Textual: CSV files with labeled text data

Image: Image files in a PKL file. For example, a model testing signatures uses images resized to 32Ã—32 pixels and stored as numpy arrays in a pickled format. **Data size**- Extremely large data sets
**How you can build models**- Create a deep learning flow to design and run experiments without coding

Tune many hyperparameters

Standardize the components of a deep learning experiment for easier collaboration **Get started**- To create a neural network model, click
**Add to project**>**Modeler flow**, then select Neural Network Modeler as the flow type.

For more information on choosing the right tool for your data and use case, see Choosing a tool

## The deep learning node palette

### Input

Input nodes

- Image Data
- A layer for the input image data models.
- Text Data
- For text data. Accepts a .csv file with each line containing: text input followed by a class label, separated by a comma.

### Activation

- Absolute Value
- The AbsVal layer computes the output as
`abs(x)`

for each input element x. - Binomial Normal Log Likelihood
- This layer computes the output as
`log(1 + exp(x))`

for each input element x. - Power
- The Power layer computes the output as
`y=(shift + scale * x) ^ power`

for each input element x. - ReLU
- A layer of rectified linear units.
`f(x) = max(x, 0)`

- Sigmoid
- this layer takes an information gain matrix specifying the value of all label pairs. It is often used for predicting targets interpreted as probabilities.
- Softmax
- A utility layer that computes the softmax function
- Hyperbolic Tangent
- The TanH layer computes the output as
`tanh(x)`

for each input element x.

### Convolution

- Conv 2D
- This layer convolves the input image with a set of (non)learnable filters, each producing one feature map in the output image
- Pool 2D
- Performs 2D pooling which is a form of non-linear down-sampling

## Core

- Concat
- A utility layer that concatenates its multiple input blobs to one single output blob.
- Dense
- A fully connected layer.
- Dropout
- This layer randomly drops it's inputs with a probability
`p`

. Applies Dropout to the input. Dropout consists in randomly setting a fraction`p`

of input units to`0`

at each update during training time, which helps prevent overfitting. - Elementwise Operations
- This layer computes elementwise operations, such as product and sum, along multiple inputs.
- Flatten
- he Flatten layer is a utility layer that flattens an input of shape
`n * c * h * w`

to a simple vector output of shape`n * (c*h*w)`

- Reshape
- This layer is use to change the dimension of input without changing the data. At any dimension, value
`0`

means to copy the input dimension as is, and value`-1`

means to infer the dimension value from the remaning dimensions. - Split
- This layer is use to split previous layer into multiple layers. This creates multiple copies of the input to be fed into different layers ahead simultaneously.

## Metric

- Accuracy
- This layer computes the top-
`k`

classification accuracy for a one-of-many classification task - Argmax
- This layer computes index of k maximum values across all dimensions. It is used after classification layer to get the top-k predictions

## Loss

- Euclidean Loss
- Computes the L2 Norm function over a 4D input It is used for real value regression tasks.
- Hinge Loss
- This layer computes a one-vs-all hinge or squared hinge loss. Mainly used for one-of-many classification tasks
- Infogain Loss
- It is used in cases of one-of-many classification. It is a generalization of MultinomialLogisticLossLayer. This layer takes an information gain matrix specifying the value of all label pairs.
- Cross-Entropy Loss
- Computes the cross-entropy (logistic) loss. It is often used for predicting targets interpreted as probabilities. It is used in cases of one-of-many classification.
- Softmax with loss
- This layer computes the multinomial logistic loss for a one-of-many classification task. It is conceptually identical to a softmax layer followed by a multinomial logistic loss layer, but provides a numerically stable gradient.

## Normalization

- LRN
- The local response normalization layer performs a kind of
*lateral inhibition*by normalizing over local input regions. The local response normalization layer performs a kind of**lateral inhibition**by normalizing over local input regions. In`ACROSS_CHANNELS`

mode, the local regions extend across nearby channels, but have no spatial extent (i.e., they have shape`local_size x 1 x 1`

). In`WITHIN_CHANNEL`

mode, the local regions extend spatially, but are in separate channels (i.e., they have shape`1 x local_size x local_size`

). Each input value is divided by`(1+(Î±/n)âˆ‘`

, where_{i}x_{i}^{2})^{Î²}`n`

is the size of each local region, and the sum is taken over the region centered at that value (zero padding is added where necessary). - Mean-Variance Normalization
- A utility layer that normalizes the input to have 0-mean and/or unit variance

## Embedding

- Embedding
- Turn positive integers (indexes) into dense vectors of fixed size

## Recurring

- GRU
- Gated Recurrent Unit
- LSTM
- Long Short-Term Memory Unit
- Simple RNN
- Simple Recurrent Neural Network Unit

## Optimizer

- SGD
- The optimization algorithm
- RMSprop
- The optimization algorithm
- Adam
- The optimization algorithm

## Next steps

Ready to create neural network design flow? For a real-world example of working with neural networks, see Introducing deep learning and long-short term memory networks.

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